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纯种犬有明显特征(转)

日期:2010年12月31日 15:40

Purebreds have predictable physical characteristics
纯种犬有明显的体貌特征

Many of their genes are "fixed," as in "no options." For example, all Golden Retrievers have fixed genes for medium/large size, silky coat, and golden color. You cannot get a 20-pound Golden, a sleek-coated
Golden, or a spotted Golden. These genes are not present in any parents in the breed.
很多的犬种的基因都是“混合的”,也可说是“无从选择”。比如金毛寻回犬的身体大小,毛发,以及金色都有混合基因。但你找不到一个20磅,圆滑或有斑纹的的金毛猎犬,因为这些基因在这个品种的都不是显性的基因。


When you see a purebred puppy, you have a pretty good idea of what he will look like as an adult.
If you want a certain size dog, or a certain type of coat (short, silky, non-shedding), you can choose a purebred who has those characteristics.
当你看到一只纯种的糼犬,你有非常美好的想法是在他将来长成成犬时会非常漂亮的。(如果你想知道狗的准确身材大小,或毛发的颜色(包括毛发长短、是否顺畅,有无斑纹),你可以选择一只拥有这些特征的纯种犬。

Some physical characteristics (like "medium-large" and "silky coat" and "golden color") can be expressed in different ways. Medium-large may turn out to be 55 pounds or 85 pounds -- that's a big difference! A silky coat could be fairly short and easy to brush, or heavily feathered and prone to tangling. Golden color can be pale cream, medium gold, or dark red.
Be prepared for variations within a breed.

一些体貌特征(象“中大型”、顺畅毛发、金黄色)可以有不同的理解。“中大型”可以超过55或85磅—这有很大的区别!“顺畅的毛发”可理解为相当短和容易梳理,或者厚重的毛和倾向于纠缠。“金黄色”可理解为奶油色、浅黄色,或暗红色。

为种群变化做好准备!

In fact, in many breeds there are different types, which look very different from each other. For example, Beagles bred for the show ring look so different from Beagles bred for hunting, they almost appear to be different breeds.
Other popular breeds that come in different types include Labrador Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels, Jack Russell Terriers, Pomeranians, and many more.
You can't look at a few photos of a breed and assume that all members of the breed look like that. With some breeds, you have to know what type you want.

事实上,有很多品种有不同类型,而且他们看上去彼此完全不同。例如,参展的比格看上去和狩猎的比格,他们几乎看上去是两个不同的品种。
还有一些大众喜爱的犬种也有不同的类型之分,包括拉不拉多犬,可卡,杰克拉赛尔、博美等。

你不能仅仅看一些犬种图片和展示就认为这个品种的狗都会长成那个样子。有些犬种,你要知道自己想要哪个类型。

The breeder matters. Only skilled breeders with some knowledge of genetics can predict how one dog's genes will combine with another dog's genes, and thus, what the puppies should turn out to look like.
If you really want your dog to look a certain way, you have to search for breeders who have proven they can consistently produce such dogs.

繁育者的问题。只有专业的繁育者会掌握一些遗传基因的知识,能预见一只狗与另一只狗交配后繁殖出的糼犬的相貌。
如果你真希望你的狗来源可靠,你必须寻找一直做繁育工作的繁育者。

The physical characteristics (short face, long body, giant build) found in some dog breeds are associated with increased health problems and/or a short lifespan.
If this risk is okay with you, fine. Just so you're aware.
一些犬种的身体特征(脸板短,身体长,庞大的身型)与犬的身体健康水平下降问题和寿命相关联。
(如果这些风险对你来说都OK,但你也应该注意这点)

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